Understanding AIA Billing: Streamlining Construction Payment Processes

By AIA Contract Documents

May 6, 2024

In the complex world of construction projects, managing finances efficiently is crucial for the success and timely completion of any endeavor. One significant aspect of financial management in construction is billing, and AIA Contract Documents has developed a standardized billing process known as AIA billing. This article delves into what AIA billing is, its key components, and why it’s essential for the construction industry.

What is AIA Billing?

AIA billing, also known as the AIA billing process or AIA progress billing, is a standardized method for submitting and processing payment applications in the construction industry. Developed by AIA Contract Documents, AIA billing provides a structured framework for contractors to request payments for work completed on a project.

Key Components of AIA Billing:

  1. AIA Documents: AIA billing relies on specific documents, primarily G702-1992, Payment Application and G703-1992, Continuation Sheet. These documents outline the details of the work completed, the value of completed work, and the amount requested for payment.
  2. Schedule of Values: The schedule of values is a critical component of AIA billing. It breaks down the total contract amount into various line items or categories, each representing a portion of the work to be completed. The schedule of values serves as a reference point for tracking progress and billing for completed work.
  3. Application for Payment: Contractors use the AIA G702 form to submit their applications for payment to the project owner or the party responsible for issuing payments. This form includes information such as the billing period, total contract value, completed work to date, and the amount requested for payment.
  4. Continuation Sheet: The AIA G703 Continuation Sheet accompanies the G702 form and provides a detailed breakdown of the completed work, corresponding values, and any retainage or deductions. It allows for a comprehensive review of the billing application and facilitates accurate payment processing.
  5. Certification: Before payment is issued, the billing application must be certified by the contractor and, in some cases, the architect or project manager. Certification confirms that the work outlined in the application has been completed in accordance with the contract documents and is eligible for payment.

Why AIA Billing Matters:

  1. Standardization: AIA billing provides a standardized framework that promotes consistency and clarity in the billing process. By adhering to established formats and procedures, AIA billing reduces confusion and minimizes errors, facilitating smoother transactions between parties.
  2. Transparency: The detailed nature of AIA billing documents, such as the schedule of values and continuation sheet, promotes transparency in payment requests. Project owners can easily review the progress of work and verify the accuracy of billing applications, fostering trust and accountability among stakeholders.
  3. Efficiency: AIA billing streamlines the payment process by providing a structured format for submitting and reviewing payment applications. Contractors can submit their billing documents promptly, and project owners can process payments more efficiently, minimizing delays and disruptions to the project timeline.
  4. Dispute Resolution: In the event of disputes or discrepancies regarding payment requests, AIA billing documents serve as valuable reference points for resolving issues. Clear documentation of completed work and corresponding values helps parties address disagreements and reach mutually acceptable resolutions.


AIA billing plays a crucial role in the construction industry by providing a standardized and transparent framework for submitting and processing payment applications. By adhering to established formats and procedures, AIA billing promotes efficiency, accuracy, and trust in financial transactions between project stakeholders. Understanding and implementing AIA billing practices can contribute to smoother project execution, timely payments, and ultimately, successful project outcomes.

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AIA Contract Documents has provided this article for general informational purposes only. The information provided is not legal opinion or legal advice and does not create an attorney-client relationship of any kind. This article is also not intended to provide guidance as to how project parties should interpret their specific contracts or resolve contract disputes, as those decisions will need to be made in consultation with legal counsel, insurance counsel, and other professionals, and based upon a multitude of factors.